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IMS和SIP消息中的地址信息
KangGuoYing
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发表于 2020-09-23 10:13:40  只看楼主 

        在VOLTE和VONR通话中一个关键的网元就是IMS,而SIP消息会话地址之间存在着一定的相关性;如果这些相关性没能正确匹配,可能得到的只有错误消息“404 not found”;

       IMS/SIP消息中的地址选取,取决于其规范类型 (RFC、3gpp、承载规范等) 及在相同规范的不同版本。本文旨在为您提供一些指南,并帮助您缩小搜索范围,做为查找这些问题中“寻址“工具;


1.注册和邀请(Register&Invite)地址结构


image.png


1.1 注册(Register)消息内容

       根据TS.34 229-1 V10.2.0 (2013-07) A.1,终端在IMS中注册包括以下内容:

Header/param

Value/remark

Ref

Request-URI

SIP URI formed from home domain name as stored in   EFDOMAIN (when using ISIM) or SIP URI formed from home domain name derived   from the IMSI (when no ISIM available on the UICC)

RFC 3261

From

any IMPU within the set of IMPUs on ISIM (when using   ISIM) or public user identity derived from px_IMSI (when no ISIM available on   the UICC)

same public user identity as in initial REGISTER

public user identity derived from px_IMSI

px_EmergencyPublicUserIdentity (if the UE is already   registered to IMS or if the UE is using ISIM) or public user identity derived   from px_IMSI (when UE is using USIM and UE is not yet registered to IMS)

RFC 3261

To

any IMPU within the set of IMPUs on ISIM (when using   ISIM) or public user identity derived from px_IMSI (when no ISIM available on   the UICC)

same public user identity as in initial REGISTER

public user identity derived from px_IMSI

px_EmergencyPublicUserIdentity (if the UE is already   registered to IMS or if the UE is using ISIM) or public user identity derived   from px_IMSI (when UE is using USIM and UE is not yet registered to IMS)

RFC 3261

Contact

 

 

 

Feature Param

 

 

SIP URI with IP address or FQDN and indicating either   an unprotected port selected by the UE or no port at all. When A7 the SIP URI   shall contain the sos URI parameter.

SIP URI with IP address or FQDN and protected server   port of UE. When A7 the SIP URI shall contain the sos URI parameter.

+g.3gpp.icsi-ref="urn%3Aurn-7%3A3gppservice.ims.icsi.mmtel"

+g.3gpp.smsip

video

+sip.instance media feature tag with the instance ID   of the UE



1.2 邀请(Invite)消息内容

               根据TS 34 229-1 V10.2.0 (2013-07) A.2.9,终端在IMS中邀请时包括以下内容:


Header/param

Value/remark

Ref

Request-URI

UE"s   registered contact address in SIP URI form, as provided in the Contact header   of the REGISTER message

UE"s   contact address in SIP URI form, as provided in the Contact header within any   response or request within the dialog

RFC   3261

From

an   SIP URI of the SS representing the calling UE

SIP   URI of SS (i.e. the remote UE) as used in any previous request in the same   dialog (In the earlier requests within the same dialog this URI appears in To   header within requests sent by the UE and in From header within requests sent   by the SS)

RFC   3261

To

SIP   or TEL URI of the UE

SIP   URI of the UE as used in any previous request in the same dialog (In the   earlier requests within the same dialog this URI appears in From header   within requests sent by the UE and in To header within requests sent by the   SS)

RFC   3261

Contact

SIP   URI with IP address or FQDN and protected server port of the calling UE, for   example 'sip:caller@3gpp.org:6543'.

SIP   URI with IP address or FQDN and unprotected server port of the calling UE.



2.用户及通知(SUBSCRIBE / NOTIFY)消息地址结构


image.png


3.(被叫)邀请和再见INVITE / BYE)中地址结构

image.png

4.起始到目地(From / To for whole VoLTE Sequence)VOLTE通话地址结构


image.png



原文来自:http://www.sharetechnote.com/

整理:kangguoying20200923

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